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一篇文章使您对建筑电梯有了一个全面的了解

来源:http://www.jlsjj.cn     发布时间:2021-11-26   浏览次数:

建筑电梯(升降机)
本文所讲的建筑电梯其实就是我们通常讲的(升降机),山东建筑电梯(升降机)实用新型是一种将齿轮齿条啮合或钢丝绳提升,使其作垂直或倾斜运动的一种机械设备。 
Building Elevator (elevator) the building elevator mentioned in this article is actually what we usually talk about (elevator) . Shandong Building Elevator (elevator) practical new type is a kind of gear rack meshing or wire rope lifting, a mechanical device that moves vertically or obliquely.
建筑电梯(升降机)结构特点:
变速器驱动齿轮,使吊笼沿导轨架的齿条上下移动;
多为单根导向架,由标准节拼接而成。截面积可以分为矩形和三角形两种。导向架多通过附墙架与建筑物连接,刚性较好,导轨架加节接高多通过自身辅助系统来完成。
Construction Elevator (elevator) structure features: transmission drive gear, so that the cage along the rack rack rack rack up and down movement; many for a single guide frame, by the standard joint. Section area can be divided into rectangular and triangular two. The guide frame is mostly connected with the building by the attached wall frame, and the rigidity is good. The Guide Rail Frame and the joint height are mostly completed by its auxiliary system.
悬挂式分为双笼式和单笼式。通常在吊笼上系一对重,以平衡吊笼的重量,改善其运行平衡。
The hanging type is divided into double cage type and single cage type. A pair of weights is usually tied to the suspension cage to balance the weight of the suspension cage and improve its running balance.
底部笼
用来支撑施工升降机导轨架,防止无关人员进入施工升降机工作区。
主体由底架、基础节和防护栅栏组成,底笼入口设有门,在吊笼运行时不能打开以确保人员的安全。
基座吊笼及对重提升通道周围应设置防护栅栏,地面防护栅栏高度不得低于1.8 m。
The bottom cage is used to support the guide rail of the construction lift, to prevent unrelated personnel from entering the work area of the construction lift. The main body is composed of a base frame, a foundation section and a protective fence. The entrance of the bottom cage is provided with a door which can not be opened when the suspension cage is in operation to ensure the safety of personnel. The height of the protective fence on the ground shall not be less than 1.8 m.
导向架
底层与底笼连接,通过附墙架与建筑物固定,作为吊笼上、下运行的导轨架,由每节1508毫米的标准节通过螺栓联接而成,标准节主要由钢管和型钢焊接而成,各标准节可任意互换。
The bottom layer of the guide frame is connected with the bottom cage, and is fixed with the building through the attached wall frame, which is used as the guide rail of the suspension cage running up and down. It is formed by the bolt connection of each 1508 mm standard section, which is mainly welded by steel pipe and section steel, each standard section can be interchanged at will.
悬挂装置
悬挂架是施工升降机的核心部分,是输送物料和人员的一种承载结构,通过传动系统使其沿轨道上下运行。
吊笼为焊接结构体,四周用钢丝网或钢板网组成封闭结构,由笼架、笼门、天窗罩、安全防护栏、吊杆的安装孔、导向滚轮等组成。
该吊笼与导轨架主弦杆通常有四组导向滚轮连接。导轮保证吊笼不脱离导轨,并沿导轨架平稳升降。前、后导轮和两侧导轮承受吊笼自重和负载重力,并对导轨架产生偏心弯矩。引导轮槽与导轨架主弦杆配合。
The hanging device hanging frame is the core part of the construction elevator, it is a kind of carrying structure for conveying materials and personnel, and it runs up and down along the track through the transmission system. The suspension cage is a welded structure with steel wire Mesh or steel plate Mesh around it, which is composed of cage frame, cage door, skylight cover, safety guard rail, installation hole of suspender, guide roller, etc. . The suspension cage and the main chord rod of the Guide rail frame are usually connected by four sets of guide rollers. The guide wheel ensures that the suspension cage does not detach from the guide rail and moves smoothly along the guide rail frame. The front and rear guide wheels and the two side guide wheels bear the lifting cage weight and load gravity, and produce eccentric bending moment to the guide rail frame. The guide wheel groove is matched with the main chord of the guide rail frame.
重合
有一定质量的钢丝绳悬挂于绕过天轮,沿导轨架上运行,对吊笼起平衡作用的重物。
用于齿轮齿条传动的施工升降机,一般是采用对重设计,用来平衡吊笼的重量,降低主电机输出功率,节约能源。并使导轨架的受力状况得到改善,运行平稳性得到改善。
A weight of wire rope suspended around a pulley and running along a guideway frame to balance a suspension cage. The construction hoist for gear and rack drive is usually designed with counterweight to balance the weight of suspension cage, reduce the output power of main motor and save energy. The force condition of the guide rail frame is improved and the running stability is improved.
悬架
山东升降机在安装和拆卸导轨架时,可用于起吊标准节及附墙架。作业时,将其装在吊笼顶部专用安装孔内。
Suspension Shandong elevator can be used to lift standard section and attached wall frame when installing and disassembling guide rail frame. During the operation, it is installed in the special installation hole on the top of the suspension cage.

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