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如何选择家用别墅电梯?

来源:http://www.jlsjj.cn     发布时间:2022-05-06   浏览次数:

什么样的电梯才适用于我们家庭的选择呢?对于现在市面上电梯种类与性能,在此总结一下与大家分享。
What kind of elevator is suitable for our family's choice? For the types and performance of elevators on the market, I would like to summarize and share with you.
一类,曳引式的电梯,主要分为强驱电梯与配重电梯,如龙门架和背包式的,这种电梯通常都是应用在商业空间里面,有点在于速度快,噪音小的价格相对便宜,但是这类电梯对于空间的要求也是相对较高的,需要有底坑,每层的层高不低于2.6米,配重块也是需要占用空间。实际的面积利用率只能达到60%左右,井道的利用率相对较低。根据《特种设备**监察条例》第三十一条此类电梯应当至少每15日进行一次清洁、润滑、调整和检查。
First, traction elevators are mainly divided into forced drive elevators and counterweight elevators, such as dragon gantry and backpack elevators. This kind of elevator is usually used in commercial space. It is a little because it has fast speed and low noise. The price is relatively cheap, but this kind of elevator also has relatively high requirements for space. It needs a pit. The floor height of each floor is no less than 2.6m, and the counterweight block also needs to occupy space. The actual area utilization rate can only reach about 60%, and the utilization rate of shaft is relatively low. According to Article 31 of the regulations on the supervision of special equipment * *, such elevators shall be cleaned, lubricated, adjusted and inspected at least once every 15 days.
二类,液压式电梯只需要单面的承重墙来受力,并且对顶部和底坑是要求非常低的。也就是说它的受力只依靠于单面的承重墙顶和底是没有任何要求的。如遇到停电和出现故障的时候,可以按下紧急按钮实现一键自救。液压电梯的空间利用率是趋于曳引电梯和螺杆电梯之间的,因为设计原理此类电梯不适用于高楼层,对于液压电梯而言,它的缺点就是会泄漏液压油。随着油缸活塞的频繁使用,在寿命到期或者出现磨损破裂的情况下,液压油就可能会漏到井道内,维修起来会比较麻烦。泵站与井道不隔离或远离的话,电梯在运行时候会有一定的噪音污染。液压式电梯的舒*感要根据安装和调试的情况来定的,这方面相比拽引式电梯会差很多。在价格方面相对于传统的拽引电梯来说,由于对土建要求低,日常维护成本还是相对比较低的。
Class II, hydraulic elevators only need one-sided load-bearing wall to bear the force, and the requirements for the top and pit are very low. In other words, its stress only depends on one side of the load-bearing wall, and there is no requirement for the top and bottom of the wall. In case of power failure and failure, you can press the emergency button to realize one key self rescue. The space utilization rate of hydraulic elevator tends to be between traction elevator and screw elevator. Because of the design principle, this kind of elevator is not suitable for high-rise floors. For hydraulic elevator, its disadvantage is that it will leak hydraulic oil. With the frequent use of the cylinder piston, when the service life expires or there is wear and fracture, the hydraulic oil may leak into the hoistway and the maintenance will be more troublesome. If the pump station is not isolated or far away from the shaft, the elevator will have certain noise pollution during operation. The comfort of hydraulic elevator shall be determined according to the installation and commissioning, which is much worse than that of drag and pull elevator. In terms of price, compared with the traditional pull elevator, due to the low requirements for civil engineering, the daily maintenance cost is still relatively low.
三类,螺杆式电梯的工作方式,我们可以把它想象成一个大的螺丝杆,螺母在螺杆上面带动平台运行。当螺杆正反旋转的时候,螺母就会上升下降,这时轿厢也会跟随着上升与下降。螺杆式电梯的安*性是所有电梯结构中更为无机房,无对重,无顶层高度限制,空间利用率高。可安装在任意场所,可三面开门,实用性强。自带一体玻璃观光井道,无需土建井道美观性高,安装简易,日常维护简便,成本低。螺杆驱动运行,配停电应急平层,安*性非常高;螺杆电梯底坑仅需50mm或0坑。
Three types, the working mode of screw elevator, we can imagine it as a large screw rod, and the nut drives the platform to run on the screw. When the screw rotates forward and backward, the nut will rise and fall, and the lift car will rise and fall with it. The safety of screw elevator is that all elevator structures have no machine room, no counterweight, no ceiling height limit and high space utilization. It can be installed in any place and can open the door on three sides, with strong practicability. The self-contained integrated glass sightseeing shaft does not need civil engineering. The shaft has high aesthetics, simple installation, simple daily maintenance and low cost. Screw driven operation, equipped with power failure emergency leveling, with very high safety; Screw elevator pit only needs 50mm or 0 pit.
螺杆式家用电梯结构简单,易损零件少,客户后期维修烦恼少。螺杆电梯结构原理使螺杆电梯不会出现冲顶与蹲底现象,所以螺杆电梯也是复式楼加装电梯的**。
Screw household elevator has simple structure, less vulnerable parts and less customer trouble in later maintenance. The structural principle of the screw elevator makes the screw elevator free from the phenomenon of top punching and bottom squatting, so the screw elevator is also the reason for installing the elevator in the compound building.
保养周期一年一次即可。螺杆式电梯虽然有很多优点,它的缺点也十分明显,由于结构问题导致螺杆式电梯的运行速度只有每秒0.15-0.2米左右。
The maintenance cycle is once a year. Although the screw elevator has many advantages, its disadvantages are also very obvious. Due to structural problems, the running speed of the screw elevator is only about 0.15-0.2 meters per second.

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